What is Fidyah?
Fidyah is paid for missed fasts when someone has not fasted in Ramadhan for a valid reason (for example ill health or pregnancy) and they have not been able to make up the missed days by the next Ramadhan. Fidyah covers the feeding of 750g of food (wheat, bread or rice) to a poor person; currently this is set at £1 per day of missed fast. The missed fasts will still need to be made up.
What is Kaffarah?
Kaffarah is the compensation payable if one deliberately misses or breaks a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason. The compensation to be given is the feeding of 60 poor people which currently equates to £60 for each day of fast which is intentionally missed or broken. The missed fasts will still need to be made up.
What is Zakat ul Fitr?
Zakat ul Fitr is a charitable donation given for the pleasure of Allah (swt) that must be given before Eid prayer on the 1st of Shawwal marking Eid ul Fitr. The donation to be given is 3kg of staple foods such as barley, wheat, rice etc which currently equates to £6 per person and is payable on the person’s own behalf and all of his or her dependents.